Проблемы при запуске Apache 2.2.0

Аватар пользователя Pimoch

Здравствуйте!
Установил Apache 2.2.0 на ASPLinux v10 с ядром 2.6.12, отконфигурировал httpd.conf , но Apache не запускается. В логфайле ошибок пишет следующее:

[Sat Apr 01 11:41:11 2006] [alert] (EAI 3)Temporary failure in name resolution: mod_unique_id: unable to find IPv4 address of "localhost.localdomain"
Configuration Failed

Вот мой httpd.conf

# This is the main Apache HTTP server configuration file. It contains the
# configuration directives that give the server its instructions.
# See for detailed information.
# In particular, see
#
# for a discussion of each configuration directive.
#
# Do NOT simply read the instructions in here without understanding
# what they do. They're here only as hints or reminders. If you are unsure
# consult the online docs. You have been warned.
#
# Configuration and logfile names: If the filenames you specify for many
# of the server's control files begin with "/" (or "drive:/" for Win32), the
# server will use that explicit path. If the filenames do *not* begin
# with "/", the value of ServerRoot is prepended -- so "logs/foo.log"
# with ServerRoot set to "/etc/httpd" will be interpreted by the
# server as "/etc/httpd/logs/foo.log".

#
# ServerRoot: The top of the directory tree under which the server's
# configuration, error, and log files are kept.
#
# Do not add a slash at the end of the directory path. If you point
# ServerRoot at a non-local disk, be sure to point the LockFile directive
# at a local disk. If you wish to share the same ServerRoot for multiple
# httpd daemons, you will need to change at least LockFile and PidFile.
#
ServerRoot "/etc/httpd"

#
# Listen: Allows you to bind Apache to specific IP addresses and/or
# ports, instead of the default. See also the
# directive.
#
# Change this to Listen on specific IP addresses as shown below to
# prevent Apache from glomming onto all bound IP addresses.
#
#Listen 12.34.56.78:80
Listen 192.168.2.201:80

#
# Dynamic Shared Object (DSO) Support
#
# To be able to use the functionality of a module which was built as a DSO you
# have to place corresponding `LoadModule' lines at this location so the
# directives contained in it are actually available _before_ they are used.
# Statically compiled modules (those listed by `httpd -l') do not need
# to be loaded here.
#
# Example:
# LoadModule foo_module modules/mod_foo.so
#
LoadModule authn_file_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_authn_file.so
LoadModule authn_dbm_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_authn_dbm.so
LoadModule authn_anon_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_authn_anon.so
LoadModule authn_dbd_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_authn_dbd.so
LoadModule authn_default_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_authn_default.so
LoadModule authz_host_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_authz_host.so
LoadModule authz_groupfile_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_authz_groupfile.so
LoadModule authz_user_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_authz_user.so
LoadModule authz_dbm_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_authz_dbm.so
LoadModule authz_owner_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_authz_owner.so
LoadModule authnz_ldap_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_authnz_ldap.so
LoadModule authz_default_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_authz_default.so
LoadModule auth_basic_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_auth_basic.so
LoadModule auth_digest_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_auth_digest.so
LoadModule cache_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_cache.so
LoadModule disk_cache_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_disk_cache.so
LoadModule mem_cache_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_mem_cache.so
LoadModule dbd_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_dbd.so
LoadModule dumpio_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_dumpio.so
LoadModule ext_filter_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_ext_filter.so
LoadModule include_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_include.so
LoadModule filter_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_filter.so
LoadModule deflate_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_deflate.so
LoadModule ldap_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_ldap.so
LoadModule log_config_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_log_config.so
LoadModule log_forensic_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_log_forensic.so
LoadModule logio_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_logio.so
LoadModule env_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_env.so
LoadModule mime_magic_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_mime_magic.so
LoadModule cern_meta_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_cern_meta.so
LoadModule expires_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_expires.so
LoadModule headers_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_headers.so
LoadModule ident_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_ident.so
LoadModule usertrack_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_usertrack.so
LoadModule unique_id_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_unique_id.so
LoadModule setenvif_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_setenvif.so
LoadModule version_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_version.so
LoadModule proxy_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_proxy.so
LoadModule proxy_connect_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_proxy_connect.so
LoadModule proxy_ftp_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_proxy_ftp.so
LoadModule proxy_http_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_proxy_http.so
LoadModule proxy_ajp_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_proxy_ajp.so
LoadModule proxy_balancer_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_proxy_balancer.so
LoadModule mime_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_mime.so
LoadModule dav_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_dav.so
LoadModule status_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_status.so
LoadModule autoindex_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_autoindex.so
LoadModule asis_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_asis.so
LoadModule info_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_info.so
LoadModule suexec_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_suexec.so
LoadModule cgi_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_cgi.so
LoadModule cgid_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_cgid.so
LoadModule dav_fs_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_dav_fs.so
LoadModule vhost_alias_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_vhost_alias.so
LoadModule negotiation_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_negotiation.so
LoadModule dir_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_dir.so
LoadModule imagemap_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_imagemap.so
LoadModule actions_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_actions.so
LoadModule speling_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_speling.so
LoadModule userdir_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_userdir.so
LoadModule alias_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_alias.so
LoadModule rewrite_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_rewrite.so

#
# If you wish httpd to run as a different user or group, you must run
# httpd as root initially and it will switch.
#
# User/Group: The name (or #number) of the user/group to run httpd as.
# It is usually good practice to create a dedicated user and group for
# running httpd, as with most system services.
#
User daemon
Group daemon

# 'Main' server configuration
#
# The directives in this section set up the values used by the 'main'
# server, which responds to any requests that aren't handled by a
# definition. These values also provide defaults for
# any containers you may define later in the file.
#
# All of these directives may appear inside containers,
# in which case these default settings will be overridden for the
# virtual host being defined.
#

#
# ServerAdmin: Your address, where problems with the server should be
# e-mailed. This address appears on some server-generated pages, such
# as error documents. e.g. admin@your-domain.com
#
ServerAdmin admin@radius-net.ru

#
# ServerName gives the name and port that the server uses to identify itself.
# This can often be determined automatically, but we recommend you specify
# it explicitly to prevent problems during startup.
#
# If your host doesn't have a registered DNS name, enter its IP address here.
#
#ServerName www.example.com:80
ServerName www.radius-net.ru:80
#
# DocumentRoot: The directory out of which you will serve your
# documents. By default, all requests are taken from this directory, but
# symbolic links and aliases may be used to point to other locations.
#
DocumentRoot "/var/www/html"

#
# Each directory to which Apache has access can be configured with respect
# to which services and features are allowed and/or disabled in that
# directory (and its subdirectories).
#
# First, we configure the "default" to be a very restrictive set of
# features.
#

Options None
AllowOverride None
Order deny,allow
Deny from all

#
# Note that from this point forward you must specifically allow
# particular features to be enabled - so if something's not working as
# you might expect, make sure that you have specifically enabled it
# below.
#

#
# This should be changed to whatever you set DocumentRoot to.
#

#
# Possible values for the Options directive are "None", "All",
# or any combination of:
# Indexes Includes FollowSymLinks SymLinksifOwnerMatch ExecCGI MultiViews
#
# Note that "MultiViews" must be named *explicitly* --- "Options All"
# doesn't give it to you.
#
# The Options directive is both complicated and important. Please see
# http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/mod/core.html#options
# for more information.
#
Options Indexes FollowSymLinks

#
# AllowOverride controls what directives may be placed in .htaccess files.
# It can be "All", "None", or any combination of the keywords:
# Options FileInfo AuthConfig Limit
#
AllowOverride None

#
# Controls who can get stuff from this server.
#
Order allow,deny
Allow from all

#
# DirectoryIndex: sets the file that Apache will serve if a directory
# is requested.
#

DirectoryIndex index.html

#
# The following lines prevent .htaccess and .htpasswd files from being
# viewed by Web clients.
#

Order allow,deny
Deny from all

#
# ErrorLog: The location of the error log file.
# If you do not specify an ErrorLog directive within a
# container, error messages relating to that virtual host will be
# logged here. If you *do* define an error logfile for a
# container, that host's errors will be logged there and not here.
#
ErrorLog logs/error_log

#
# LogLevel: Control the number of messages logged to the error_log.
# Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,
# alert, emerg.
#
LogLevel warn

#
# The following directives define some format nicknames for use with
# a CustomLog directive (see below).
#
LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\"" combined
LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b" common

# You need to enable mod_logio.c to use %I and %O
LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\" %I %O" combinedio

#
# The location and format of the access logfile (Common Logfile Format).
# If you do not define any access logfiles within a
# container, they will be logged here. Contrariwise, if you *do*
# define per- access logfiles, transactions will be
# logged therein and *not* in this file.
#
CustomLog logs/access_log common

#
# If you prefer a logfile with access, agent, and referer information
# (Combined Logfile Format) you can use the following directive.
#
#CustomLog logs/access_log combined

#
# Redirect: Allows you to tell clients about documents that used to
# exist in your server's namespace, but do not anymore. The client
# will make a new request for the document at its new location.
# Example:
# Redirect permanent /foo http://www.example.com/bar

#
# Alias: Maps web paths into filesystem paths and is used to
# access content that does not live under the DocumentRoot.
# Example:
# Alias /webpath /full/filesystem/path
#
# If you include a trailing / on /webpath then the server will
# require it to be present in the URL. You will also likely
# need to provide a section to allow access to
# the filesystem path.

#
# ScriptAlias: This controls which directories contain server scripts.
# ScriptAliases are essentially the same as Aliases, except that
# documents in the target directory are treated as applications and
# run by the server when requested rather than as documents sent to the
# client. The same rules about trailing "/" apply to ScriptAlias
# directives as to Alias.
#
ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ "/var/www/cgi-bin/"

#
# ScriptSock: On threaded servers, designate the path to the UNIX
# socket used to communicate with the CGI daemon of mod_cgid.
#
#Scriptsock logs/cgisock

#
# "/var/www/cgi-bin" should be changed to whatever your ScriptAliased
# CGI directory exists, if you have that configured.
#

AllowOverride None
Options None
Order allow,deny
Allow from all

#
# DefaultType: the default MIME type the server will use for a document
# if it cannot otherwise determine one, such as from filename extensions.
# If your server contains mostly text or HTML documents, "text/plain" is
# a good value. If most of your content is binary, such as applications
# or images, you may want to use "application/octet-stream" instead to
# keep browsers from trying to display binary files as though they are
# text.
#
DefaultType text/plain

#
# TypesConfig points to the file containing the list of mappings from
# filename extension to MIME-type.
#
TypesConfig conf/mime.types

#
# AddType allows you to add to or override the MIME configuration
# file specified in TypesConfig for specific file types.
#
#AddType application/x-gzip .tgz
#
# AddEncoding allows you to have certain browsers uncompress
# information on the fly. Note: Not all browsers support this.
#
#AddEncoding x-compress .Z
#AddEncoding x-gzip .gz .tgz
#
# If the AddEncoding directives above are commented-out, then you
# probably should define those extensions to indicate media types:
#
AddType application/x-compress .Z
AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz

#
# AddHandler allows you to map certain file extensions to "handlers":
# actions unrelated to filetype. These can be either built into the server
# or added with the Action directive (see below)
#
# To use CGI scripts outside of ScriptAliased directories:
# (You will also need to add "ExecCGI" to the "Options" directive.)
#
#AddHandler cgi-script .cgi

# For files that include their own HTTP headers:
#AddHandler send-as-is asis

# For server-parsed imagemap files:
#AddHandler imap-file map

# For type maps (negotiated resources):
#AddHandler type-map var

#
# Filters allow you to process content before it is sent to the client.
#
# To parse .shtml files for server-side includes (SSI):
# (You will also need to add "Includes" to the "Options" directive.)
#
#AddType text/html .shtml
#AddOutputFilter INCLUDES .shtml

#
# The mod_mime_magic module allows the server to use various hints from the
# contents of the file itself to determine its type. The MIMEMagicFile
# directive tells the module where the hint definitions are located.
#
#MIMEMagicFile conf/magic

#
# Customizable error responses come in three flavors:
# 1) plain text 2) local redirects 3) external redirects
#
# Some examples:
#ErrorDocument 500 "The server made a boo boo."
#ErrorDocument 404 /missing.html
#ErrorDocument 404 "/cgi-bin/missing_handler.pl"
#ErrorDocument 402 http://www.example.com/subscription_info.html
#

#
# EnableMMAP and EnableSendfile: On systems that support it,
# memory-mapping or the sendfile syscall is used to deliver
# files. This usually improves server performance, but must
# be turned off when serving from networked-mounted
# filesystems or if support for these functions is otherwise
# broken on your system.
#
#EnableMMAP off
#EnableSendfile off

# Supplemental configuration
#
# The configuration files in the conf/extra/ directory can be
# included to add extra features or to modify the default configuration of
# the server, or you may simply copy their contents here and change as
# necessary.

# Server-pool management (MPM specific)
#Include conf/extra/httpd-mpm.conf

# Multi-language error messages
#Include conf/extra/httpd-multilang-errordoc.conf

# Fancy directory listings
#Include conf/extra/httpd-autoindex.conf

# Language settings
#Include conf/extra/httpd-languages.conf

# User home directories
#Include conf/extra/httpd-userdir.conf

# Real-time info on requests and configuration
#Include conf/extra/httpd-info.conf

# Virtual hosts
#Include conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf

# Local access to the Apache HTTP Server Manual
#Include conf/extra/httpd-manual.conf

# Distributed authoring and versioning (WebDAV)
#Include conf/extra/httpd-dav.conf

# Various default settings
#Include conf/extra/httpd-default.conf

# Secure (SSL/TLS) connections
#Include conf/extra/httpd-ssl.conf
#
# Note: The following must must be present to support
# starting without SSL on platforms with no /dev/random equivalent
# but a statically compiled-in mod_ssl.
#

SSLRandomSeed startup builtin
SSLRandomSeed connect builtin

Что может быть? Порт 80 у меня закрыт, но помоему Apache и так должен запустится. Или проблемы с модулем mod_unique_id , тогда где и как исправить ошибку?

Заранее спасибо!

Аватар пользователя Meloman

Re: Проблемы при запуске Apache 2.2.0

в Listen оставить только 80й порт? И как закрыл порт? Если идешь даже через http://localhost , то ведь все равно по 80му порту? :-?

Аватар пользователя Pimoch

Re: Проблемы при запуске Apache 2.2.0

Вы меня извините, но я в Linux совсем недавно (меньше месяца) поэтому пожайлуста поточней мне объясняйте. До меня еще тяжело все доходит. Все настраиваю по книгам, и если ненахожу ответа то спрашиваю совета на форуме.
В Listen я ему прописал, что такой-то IP адрес на 80й порт. При проверке показывает, что порт 80 закрыт.
В одной книжке написано, что Apache и так должен запустится даже с закрытым портом. Но он не запускается.
Может я конечно и не прав, поэтому и спрашиваю совета как поступить!

На одном форуме мне посоветовали, что во всем виновен DNS. В действительности DNS я и ненастраивал. Предполагалось, что DNS будет на другой машине. Вот я и думаю, что на этой машине с Apache то же наверное нужно было хоть простенько настроить DNS.
Вообщем я незнаю как поступить!

Аватар пользователя Subj

Re: Проблемы при запуске Apache 2.2.0

Перефразируя:
заместо
Listen 192.168.2.201:80
попробуй поставить
Listen 80
А 80-й порт больше никто не слушает? а то мало ли& (netstat -lt)

Аватар пользователя Pimoch

Re: Проблемы при запуске Apache 2.2.0

Все разобрался! Мне помогли. Проблема оказалась в другом.

Эта строчка означает, что сервер не может преобразовать localhost.localdomain в ip-адрес.
Прописал в /etc/hosts соответствие этого имени(localhost.localdomain) ip-адресу(127.0.0.1).

Большое всем спасибо за помощь. Приятно, что помогаете решить проблемы.

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